What comes to a traveler’s mind when he hears the word Nepal? Most probably know or know Nepal in connection with Mount Everest. Or maybe even some of who haven’t heard of Nepal? That is the greeting that will be given to a traveler wherever he is while in Nepal. A traveler will immediately feel the hospitality and warmth of the Nepalese people in this unique greeting. This country, which is included in the South Asian region, may not be a popular tourist destination for Indonesian tourists. But Nepal offers a wide variety of things from culture, historical sites, national parks, and amazing nature.
Nepal is a paradise on earth and is home to most of the Himalayas. Many tourists from all over the world come to Nepal because of the appeal of the Himalayas. Whether it’s to climb the highest mountain peaks in the world. Or to try various kinds of trekking paths that are very varied and quite comfortable. A traveler can also visit historical places and see the very thick culture in Nepal. Every year there are hundreds of thousands of tourists visiting Nepal. A traveler can feel the pulse of life in the capital, Kathmandu. Or take a trip to the very original Chitwan National Park. Before BuLiBi’s friends decide to visit Nepal, there are some unique Nepalese things or facts that a traveler can know.
1.Unique Country Flag
The first unique fact of Nepal which is its country’s flag. Nepal is the only country in the world that has a unique flag shape. Yes, the shape is triangular, not rectangular as usual, with a red base color and a blue border. This flag was only inaugurated as the state flag in 1962. And the meaning of the flag underwent a symbolic change after Nepal changed from a royal system of government to a parliamentary republic. The two triangles on the flag represent the Himalayas. The red base color on the flag symbolizes the spirit of the brave Nepalese people and the blue color symbolizes peace and harmony.
2. Mount Everest
Who hasn’t heard of Mount Everest? Nepal is home to a mountain which is the highest mountain in the world, with an altitude of 8,850m. Mount Everest is included in the list of “Seven Summits”, the highest mountain peaks in the world located on seven continents. Actually, Mount Everest is located on the border of Nepal and Tibet (China) so it has two names. It is called Sagarmatha by the Nepalese people and Chomolungma by the Tibetans.
Mount Everest is the dream of climbers from all over the world to set foot on the top of this world. To reach the top of Everest, there are several hiking trails. Two of the most famous are the South Ridge line through Nepal and the North Ride line through Tibet. The best time to climb this mountain is around May. Every year, there are hundreds of people who try to climb Mount Everest, with only about 30% making it to the top.
3.Nepal has no sea
Why does Nepal have no sea. This small country is one of the countries in the world which is surrounded by land. So Nepal doesn’t have direct access to the ocean. The closest sea is in Bengal, India, which is about 644km away!
However, even though Nepal does not have direct access to the sea, it has rivers whose water sources directly from the Himalayas. If a traveler comes for hiking or trekking in mountainous regions in Nepal, a traveler can see the clear turquoise water. So, don’t think that Nepalese can’t swim.
4. Map Rectangular
Another unique Nepal fact that a traveler needs to know is the country map. This small country is flanked by two world giants, China and India. Bordering Tibet (China) to the north, and India to the south, east and west, makes Nepal’s position very unique. A traveler can see a map of the country of Nepal which is rectangular and extends from west to east.
5. 8 Highest Mountains in the World are in Nepal!
Another unique Nepalese fact is still related to mountains. From the list of 10 highest mountains in the world, 8 of them are in Nepal! Apart from Mount Everest which is the highest mountain in the world, there are seven other mountains with an altitude of above 8,000m. The other seven mountains are Kanchenjunga (8,586m, 3rd place), Lhotse (8,511m, 4th place), Makalu (8,462m, 5th place), Cho Oyu (8,201m, 6th place), Dhaulagiri. (8,167m, 7th place), Manaslu (8,163m, 8th place), and Annapurna (8,091m, 10th place).
6.Place of Birth of the Buddha
Lumbini is a city in Nepal located in the Kapilavastu district. Lumbini is believed to be a garden where the Buddha was born. Lumbini was designated as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1997. In the area of the Lumbini site there is a sacred Bodhi tree, Mayadevi temple (Buddha’s birthplace), and Ashoka pillar. Until now, Lumbini has been a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists from various countries.
7.The Goddess of Life, Kumari
Regarded as the living goddess, Kumari is believed by the Nepalese people to be the incarnation of the goddess Taleju. This belief has been held by Hindus and Buddhists for centuries. Dewi Kumari was appointed from an early age, around 3-5 years old. The selection process was carried out by Hindu religious leaders by reading several signs and criteria for human physical perfection.
To maintain her purity, the living goddess was not allowed to set foot on the earth, was not allowed to talk to other people, and even lived apart from her family. The goddess is only allowed to leave the temple during rituals and festivals on a stretcher. If Dewi Kumari has reached puberty, she will be replaced by another girl who meets the criteria.
8. Holder of a number of records in the world
Holding a number of world records is another unique Nepalese fact. Apart from the highest mountain in the world, Nepal also has the record for the Highest Lake in the World, which is carried by Tilicho Lake. This lake is at an altitude of 4,919m with a length of about 4km and a width of 1km. Tilicho Lake is located in Manang district, Annapurna Region. Another record is Kali Gandaki, the deepest canyon in the world with a depth of 2,520m. Kali Gandaki separates the two peaks of the Himalayas, Dhaulagiri and Annapurna. In addition, Nepal is the 2nd country in the world with an above average elevation of 3,265m.
9. Tenzing Hillary Airport, the ‘Most Extreme’ Airport in the World
Another unique Nepalese fact is the Tenzing Hillary Airport. The name Tenzing Hillary Airport itself has only been used since January 2008. This name is given in honor of Sir Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, the first people to reach the summit of Everest in 1953. Referred to as ‘the world most dangerous airport’, Tenzing Hillary Airport only has a runway. 460m long! The airport is bordered by mountains on one side and there is a sharp drop at the end of the runway. Coupled with the erratic weather, it becomes a challenge to reach this place. The airport, located in the city of Lukla, Khumbu, and at an altitude of 2,855m, is a starting point for reaching Everest. We’ve had the most thrilling 20-minute flight in life to reach this airport.
10. Rhododendron, National Flower of Nepal
Also known as Lali Guras in Nepalese or Red Rhododendron, which is the pride of the Nepalese people. The red Rhododendron flower symbol is also used as the basis for the colors of the Nepal flag. Rhododendrons can only grow on plains with an altitude of above 1,000m and usually bloom around March to May. If a traveler wants to see firsthand the beauty of this flower, a traveler can try trekking around Poonhill, Langtang, and Ghandruk.